Cowpeas are legumes that have very vine-like stems with large leaves and are tolerant of drought conditions, low fertility and acidic soils. Cowpea starch is digested more slowly than the starch from cereals, which is more beneficial to human health. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L)Cowpea is commonly grown in the tropical and subtropical areas mainly for its seeds and leaves (El-Jasser., 2010; Wawire et al., 2011).The main macronutrient components in the seeds are proteins and carbohydrates (Olalekan, 2010; Sreerama et al, 2012).The major amino acid is glutamic acid (Ene-Obong et al., 1992). The leaves are good dried or fresh, and cooked cowpea leaves contain seven times more calcium and three times more iron than the actual peas. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] Support weight loss. Lighter soil that is drought tolerant can reduce the leaf growth and reduces water loss through stomata, and leaf movement to reduce light and heat load under stress. Cowpea leaves can be used as fresh green vegetables, fermented or sun-dried (Saidi et al., 2010; Ibrahim et al., 2002; Wafula et al., 2016). Please prove you are human by selecting the. Several APX isoforms exist in plant cells, and they have rarely been studied separately. Cowpeas are small, kidney-shaped beans in the legume family. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Cowpea crops can tolerate infertile and acid soils. Cowpeas also called black eyed peas usually cultivated for its edible beans but few grow it as a vegetable. Valine, isoleucine and leucine are three chain of amino acid which enhances the recovery of muscles. Introduction to Growing Cowpeas. Announcement of the project was made previously (Reid 1939). Its seeds, pods and leaves are commonly used as human food. A seed can consist of 25% protein and has very low fat content. Known as the most heat-adapted legume with excellent drought tolerance, which can largely be attributed to it's stout tap root. The tender leaves and young pods are used for preparing nutritious vegetable dishes. Aphids extract juice from its leaves and stems while the crop is still a seedling and also spread the cowpea mosaic virus. English Name: Cowpeas Leaves Nutritional Value: Cowpeas (kunde) leaves are a good source iron, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, potassium and vitamin C. The leaves are also a good source of protein, with the leaf protein content being higher than that of the seed protein. Calculations are based on average age of 19 to 50 years and weighs 194 lbs. is one of the most popular grain legumes in Africa as well as in some regions of America and Asia.The main subspecies is Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Cowpeas (black-eyed peas) nutrition facts. Cowpea is called the "hungry-season crop" because it is the first harvested crop, before the cereal crops. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); POLICY In a moist seedbed, drill cowpeas 1 to 2 inches deep at about 30 to 90 lb./A, using the higher rate in drier or cooler areas or for larger-seeded cultivars (361, 422). The antioxidants found in these legumes seek out and neutralize free radicals within the body, which cause chronic illness and cellular mutation. Your email address will not be published. Black-eyed peas have been associated with a number of powerful health benefits. In the botanical nomenclature, the seeds, indeed, are a kind of fieldbeans and not belong to the peas family. For instance, amongst the health benefits of cowpea leaves, ... mixture of 40 g boric acid, 0.03 g meth yl red stain, 0.06 g . Leaves have ovate to rhombic to lanceolate leaflets about 7-14 cm × 4-10 cm long. Please prove you are human by selecting the Heart. It contains almost all essential vitamins and minerals including vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, C, folic acid, iron, potassium, magnesium, calcium, selenium, sodium, zinc, copper, phosphorus, etc. The cowpea plant is attacked by pests during every stage of its life cycle. Cowpeas, Vigna unguiculata, are a warm-season annual that can be grown throughout the United States.Often called iron-and-clay pea or black eye pea, this legume crop produces highly digestible large triangular leaves on viney, stemmed growth that is very attractive to deer. The cowpea leaves have a richer nutritional composition compared with the grains (Mamiro, 2011). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Raw leaves have about 20% more thiamine, twice the riboflavin, equal amounts of niacin as the peas, and are a significant source of beta carotene and ascorbic acid. DISCLAIMER: This information is for enlightenment purposes only. Cowpea is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its protein-rich seeds. Mentioned values are recommended by a U.S. Department of Agriculture. Local Names: Kunde, Likhubi, Boo. In a crop rotation program, they can significantly improve soil nitrogen levels by nitrogen fixation or by incorporation in soil as a green manure crop. It is also known as black-eyed pea or Needless to say, it has a number of important health benefits. They will not survive in waterlogged soils or flooded conditions (120). Cowpeas leafy tips nutrition and benefits. The leaves are rich in vitamins, macro and micro minerals, flavonoids, antioxidants, ß-carotene, fatty acids, amino acids, carbohydrates and dietary fibre ( Okonya and Maass, 2014 ; Goncalves et al., 2016 ). Leaves or tender stem tips of the common pea (Pisum sativum L.) are eaten in both tropical and temperate regions, in Malawi Burma, Indonesia, China, and Japan. Nutritional Value: Cowpeas (kunde) leaves are a good source iron, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, potassium and vitamin C. The leaves are also a good source of protein, with the leaf protein content being higher than that of the seed protein. COWPEA Botanical Name -Vigna anguiculata Synonymous - Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea Origin -Africa Importance This crop is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. The plant is very drought resistant and does not survive flooded conditions (Clark, 2007). Required fields are marked *. Alkaline Vegetables Comments. Consult your doctor before making any health-related decisions. Background is given on cowpea description, global production (predominantly in Africa and South America), uses for human and animal consumption, and processing into many products. Flower thrips feast on it during flowering, pod borers attack its pods during pod growth, and bruchid weevils attack the post harvested seeds. This chapter deals with the composition of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Terms & conditions The leaves, green pods, young and mature seeds are very nutritious and rich in protein. For best results,plant cowpeas in a well draining sandy loam with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5 in an area that receives full sun. The utilization of cowpea leaves for food has mainly been done in various dishes, soups, and sauces (Imungi & Potter, 1983). Calories from Fat 0.45 Kcal. Nutritional and natural toxicology of African Crops. Cowpeas contain isoleucine which assist to raise the endurance and also fixes the tissue in the muscles and promotes the clotting of the injury. Your Name (required), Copyright © 2019 MAMA KIENYEJI | All Rights Reserved, Be the first to review “Kunde (Cowpeas Leaves)”. The antioxidant effects of cowpeas are of particular interest to the natural health community because cowpeas are being increasingly linked to different kinds of chronic illnesses. Cowpea, an African leafy vegetable (Vigna unguiculata), contains a high level of vitamin C. The leaves harvested at 4−9 weeks are highly prone to vitamin C losses during handling and processing. Privacy Policy Cowpea tolerates heat, drought and acid soils but not water logging. *Above mentioned Percent Daily Values (%DVs) are based on 2,000 calorie diet intake. acid to neutral soils, but can grow well in a range of soil types, including soils with low fertility. Health benefits of Crowberry ~ Empetrum nigrum, How to Make Your Medical Practice More Efficient and Successful, Popular Nootropics Complimenting A Healthy Lifestyle, What Outdoor Enthusiasts Need in Their Home, The right way to choosing the best sleep apnea machines, How To Keep Your Pet Safe This Winter Season. The aim of this work was to study changes in cytosolic, peroxisomal, stromatic and thylakoid APX gene expression in response to progressive drought, rapid desiccation and application of exogenous abscisic acid in the leaves of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) plants. Also the crop residues are rich in protein and are good feed for livestock. The leaves are useful to treat diabetic, cardiovascular and overweight conditions. Apical ones are symmetrical, glabrous or slightly pubescent and basal ones are asymmetrical. It is a valuable crop as it is a highly palatable food source and the whole plant can be used as forage for animals. Cowpea is a grain legume that grows throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Inoculation of seed is not required, but using a cowpea strain (EL-type) can be advantageous for growth (FAO, 2012). In vulputate tellus justo, at vehicula tortor facilisis sit amet. All rights reserved. Calories 12 Kcal. Cowpea leaves even in their preserved forms are known to be rich in nutrients that are essential for life (Table 3). English Name: Cowpeas Leaves Nutritional Value: Cowpeas (kunde) leaves are a good source iron, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, potassium and vitamin C. The leaves are also a good source of protein, with the leaf protein content being higher than that of the seed protein. They are not healthbenefitstimes.com recommendations. unguiculata (L.) Walp.Cowpea is often called "black-eyed pea" due to its black- or brown-ringed hylum. For a fast-germinating summer food plot or early bow-season hotspot, try planting some cowpeas. In Botswana and Zimbabwe, leaves are boiled, kneaded to a pulp, squeezed into small balls and then dried. It contains elements that can be used in a comparative approach as part of a safety assessment of foods and feeds derived from new varieties. Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) was the first plant virus to be developed as an epitope presentation system (Usha et al., 1993; Porta et al., 1994, 1996).CPMV is a bipartite RNA virus (Fig. Cowpea roots have been documented at penetrating over 8 ft. into the soil profile, which is far superior to soybean roots. The leaves of cowpea are more planophile requiring lower LAI for complete light interception as compared with cereals. A study of daily fluctuations in the ascorbic acid content of cowpea plants has been under way in this laboratory during the past four years. Aliquam a tortor ac mauris auctor. The rate of dry matter production by cowpea is closely related to the amount of incoming radiation intercepted by the crop canopy. They are low-fat, low-calorie beans and are a good source of dietary fibre. They are also referred as southern peas or field pea in the Southern states of US, where they desired in specialty dishes. This complements the mainly cereal diet in countries that grow cowpeas as a major food crop. As a matter of fact, cowpea leaves have been listed as having one of the highest percentage of calories from protein among vegetarian foods. Foodary visitor responses include: Is Yucca Acidic or Alkaline? in its leaves are not bound to phytic acid and are more bioavailable than those in cowpea seeds [6]. They make one feel fuller for longer which can help with weight management. Cowpea and bean are the most consumed legume leaves. Growing Cowpeas For Beginners: The below content is all about Growing Cowpeas. Emergence of cowpea under tropical temperatures averaging 28°C occurs in 2-3 days. Nutritional experts have discovered that leaves encompass more nutritional value. Cowpea is among the top three or four leaf vegetables in many parts of Africa, but bean is also heavily consumed. Yucca is generally grown as a decorative evergreen with sword-shaped leaves and dramatic flower spikes. https://dengarden.com/gardening/Growing-Cowpeas-Black-Eyed-Peas-as-a-Vegetable, https://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Vigna_unguiculata_(PROTA). Since leaves are produced earlier and in bigger quantities than the seeds, the protein output from the leaves is said to be 15 times that of cowpea seeds and contains more essential amino acids [3, 7]. Petioles are grooved above, swollen at base measuring 15 to 25 cm long. This is a common mistake, confusing yuca and yucca. 59.1), with particles containing 60 copies each of a large (L; 37 kDa) and a small (S; 23 kDa) CP arranged with icosahedral symmetry (Fig. Additionally, cowpeas are beneficial for our skin and hair too. Cowpeas leaves contain Ascorbic acid, Beta-carotene, vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Potassium, iron, Vitamin E, Folate, and fibre. Skype: healthbenefit55, Nutritional value of Cowpeas, leafy tips, cooked, boiled, drained, without salt. What Are The Health Benefits Of Olive Oil? Local Names: Kunde, Likhubi, Boo. © 2020 Healthbenefitstimes. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. bromocresol green in 2 liters of ethanol water) which . Cowpeas grow in a range of well-drained soils from highly acid to neutral, but are less well adapted to alkaline soils. Cowpeas leaves are an excellent source of vitamins as well as antioxidant serving multiple health benefits. Facts about Callery Pear ~ Pyrus calleryana, Facts about Chocolate Vine ~ Akebia quinata, Health benefits of Ramp ~ Allium tricoccum, Interesting facts and benefits of Coralberry – Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, Facts about Common Toadflax – Linaria vulgaris, Health benefits of Balsam Apple – Momordica balsamina, Uses and benefits of Chinaberry – Melia azedarach, Traditional Uses of Chou Wu Tong – Clerodendrum trichotomum, Health benefits of Canella (Wild Cinnamon), Facts about Cornelian Cherry (Cornus mas), Southern peas, Crowder peas, Blackeye peas, Linoleic acid 18:2 (octadecadienoic acid), Linolenic acid 18:3 (Octadecatrienoic acid). Moldtmann (1939) reported a diurnal variation in the percentage content of ascorbic acid in leaves of Fagts silvatica and Lamnimn albun. Cowpea seeds provide a rich source of proteins and calories, as well as minerals and vitamins. Boil the leaves or fry it and serve it with porridge. Daily values (DVs) may be different depending upon your daily calorie needs. Leaves have high content of fiber. subsp. Cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata) and lablab (Lablab purpureus) are fast growing, annual, summer forage legumes.They are excellent quality crops for fattening both sheep and cattle, and are also regarded as good feed for milking cows. The plant bears alternate and 3-foliolate leaves with ovate stipules about 0.5 to 2 cm long usually spurred as the base. The grain is a rich source of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies. Cowpeas are much less tolerant … The presences of amino acids enhance the energy. In contrary to other leafy vegetables, cowpeas requires less maintenance. Straight from Farm, Ready to Cook (Imedondolewa), Your email address will not be published. Cowpeas can be planted in a wide range of soils, from acidic (to pH 4) to neutral, as long as they are well-draining but the plants are not well adapted to alkaline soil. Cowpea has great flexibility in use: farmers can choose to harvest it for grains or as forage for their livestock, depending on economic or climatic constraints (Gomez, 2004). Neural tube defects in unborn babies southern peas or field pea in the percentage content of acid... [ 6 ] for animals temperatures averaging 28°C occurs in 2-3 days highly! Adipiscing elit this information is for enlightenment purposes only, 2011 ) acid but! Free radicals within the body, which can help with weight management nutritional value squeezed small. 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Tellus justo, at vehicula tortor facilisis sit amet of powerful health benefits before the cereal crops pulp squeezed. Will not be published to a pulp, squeezed into small balls and then dried to! Is an annual herb and is commonly cultivated mainly for its edible beans but few grow as! ( 1939 ) reported a diurnal variation in the muscles and promotes the clotting of the injury the heat-adapted., swollen at base measuring 15 to 25 cm long usually spurred as the most heat-adapted legume with drought...