He was also known as Livy. Also, it was King Tullus’ duty to lead the empire in religious service but he didn’t care for the ceremony. Tullus Hostilius (r. 673–642 BC) was the legendary third king of Rome. The Roman King L. Tarquinius Priscus According to Livy. Tullus Hostilius is said to have thereafter campaigned successfully against the neighbouring Sabine tribes, until a plague befell him as well as the people of Rome, forcing them to make peace. Lesson 9: Tullus Hostilius the Third King The Horatii and the Curiatii. According to the legends, his history ran as follows: Hostilius departed from the peaceful ways of Numa, … He tried treating the Albans as allies, but when their leader acted treacherously, he conquered and absorbed them. Eventually, he had to give in to this particular requirement when pestilence had struck Rome and affected his royal house. While he was in power, he attacked the ancient Roman city of Alba Longa which was home to the first Etruscan king before Rome was founded. According to a tradition recounted by Titus Livy, the hill received its name from Caelius Vibenna, either because he established a settlement there or because his friend Servius Tullius wished to honor him after his death. Life and reign. He is also credited, probably incorrectly, with introducing silver and bronze coinage. Amazing Bible Timeline with World History, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Tullus_Hostilius, http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/people/p/tullushostilius.htm, http://dante.udallas.edu/hutchison/Seven_kings/king_hostilius.htm, http://www.mythindex.com/roman-mythology/T/Tullus-Hostilius.html, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tulius-Hostilius.jpg. He succeeded Numa Pompilius, and was succeeded by Ancus Marcius. Tullus defeated the Albans, razed their city of Alba Longa, and brutally punished their traitorous leader, Mettius Fufetius. Numa Pompilius (; 753–673 BC; reigned 715–673 BC) was the second king of Rome, succeeding Romulus. War was his primary focus. The reign of the third king of Rome ended, when Tullus Hostilius died in 642 BC, a victim of the plague. Tullus, like the other kings of Rome, lived during the legendary period whose records were destroyed in the fourth century B.C. He was of Sabine origin, and many of Rome's most important religious and political institutions are attributed to him. Rome was suffering from the plague. Tullus Hostilius the Third King. Pomponius. Scholars do not doubt that King Hostilius expanded the boundaries of Rome, but they are not quite sure he died from lightning strikes from some angry god. Tullus waged war against Alba Longa, Fidenae and Veii and the Sabines. Tullus Hostilius (r. 673 BC 642 BC) was the legendary third of the Kings of Rome. He mainly fought against other tribes and began to establish Rome as a powerful force to be reckoned with. Unlike his predecessor, Tullus was known as a warlike king. He succeeded Numa Pompilius and was succeeded by Ancus Marcius. Since Numa had been a Sabine, it was once again time for a Roman king. Your email address will not be published. Though he did not defeat the Sabine, Hostus Hostilius was held up as a model of bravery. As a result, he was struck by lightening and killed. How Long In Prison? Unlike his predecessor, Tullus was known as a warlike king. He lived a severe life of discipline and banished all luxury from his home. What is the meaning of AD, BC, BCE and CE? He also defeated the Sabines at Silva Malitiosa by throwing them into confusion using his Albans-enhanced cavalry. He also declared war on the Albans, resulting in the famed fight between the Roman Horatii and Alban Curatii. However, when Tullus called upo… Plutarch tells that Numa was the youngest of Pomponius' four sons, born on the day of Rome's founding (traditionally, 21 April 753 BC). Both Tullus and Romulus supposedly carried on war with the neighbouring cities of Fidenae and Veii, doubled the number of Roman citizens, organized the army, and disappeared from earth in a storm. He continued to make war against many other Italian tribes such as the Fidenae, Veientines, and the Sabines. He also pursued other military ventures during his reign, establishing Rome as a prominent military power. Tullus Hostilius, his family, and house were struck by lightning and so his reign ended in … The Roman’s had taken the Sabine women from their husbands and fathers, and this caused a war between the two tribes. He then decided to honor the gods by performing his priestly duty, but he didn’t perform the ceremony in the right way. Tillus Hostilius spent most of his time in warfare. Tullus Hostilius came up with a cunning plan worthy of a Roman king. The Caelian Hill (Latin Collis Caelius, Italian Celio) is one of the famous Seven Hills of Rome. His successful wars with Alba, Fidenae and Veii shadow forth the earlier conquests of Latian territory and the first extension of the Roman domain beyond the walls of Rome. Tullus Hostilius was much like Romulus in his warlike behavior, and completely unlike Numa in his lack of respect for the gods. Tullus Hostilius was a Sabine, who became ruler of Rome. Tullus Hostilius The Third King of Rome (673 - 641 BC) After the death of Numa, the senate elected Tullus Hostilius, the grandson of the man who had led the Romans against the Sabines. In seeking to avert the wrath of the gods, Hostilius now sought to emulate his predecessor and took greater interest in his religious duties. War with Alba Longa King Tullus began his reign in 673 B.C. Tullus Hostilius . Ancus Marcius succeeded Tullus Hostilius. shortened version Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. King Tullus made attempts to follow certain instructions to the religious practices of Numa Pompilius. Titus Tatius, king of the Sabines and a colleague of Romulus, married his only daughter, Tatia, to Numa. Tullus, like the other kings of Rome, lived during the legendary period whose records were destroyed in the fourth century B.C. During the reign of Numa Pompilius, Rome was at peace. Tullus Hostilius was the third of the Roman kings. It was during Tullus’ reign that the city of Alba Longa was completely destroyed, after which Tullus integrated its population into Rome. The Romulean thesis, having been answered by the Numan antithesis, reasserts itself in the reign of the third king, Tullus Hostilius. The Romans retreated, although Romulus soon changed his mind and turned around and engaged again. Unlike his predecessor, he was known to be a warlike king. He joined the Alban and Roman armies in one camp. It was believed that Jupiter in response to this lack of proper reverence, struck Tullus down with a bolt of lightning. Why Did Christ Ride a Donkey on His Triumphant Entry? How Long Was Joseph In Potiphars House? Once again fact and fiction might have been mixed over the years when Livy wrote about King Tullus. While ruling, he doubled the population of Rome. Most of the events that he ascribes to Tullus’ reign were considered true by many historians. The warrior Tullus Hostilius was Rome's 3rd king from 673 - 642 B.C. Tullus Hostilius (r. 673 BC – 642 BC) was the legendary third of the Kings of Rome.He succeeded Numa Pompilius, and was succeeded by Ancus Marcius.Unlike his predecessor, Tullus was known as a warlike king. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. What Are The Names of the Thieves Crucified With Christ. Start studying History Midterm. N.S. Tullus Hostilius was much like Romulus in his warlike behavior and completely unlike Numa in his lack of respect for the gods. Your email address will not be published. He welcomed the Albans into Rome, thereby doubling the population of Rome. Unlike his predecessor, Tullus was known as a warlike king. Tullus had not paid much attention to the religious rites. Tullus Hostilius was much like Romulus in his warlike behavior, and completely unlike Numa in his lack of respect for the gods. His successor was Ancus Marcius Unfortunately, he did not follow the instructions correctly when he tried to sacrifice to the god Jupiter. TULLUS HOSTILIUS, third legendary king of Rome (672-640 B.C.). He ruled from 673 to 642 BC. Tullus Hostilius. Most of what is known about Tullus Hostilius comes from a Roman historian named Titus Livius Patavinus. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. Tullus, who is described as more militaristic than Romulus, went to war against Alba, Fidenae, and the Veientines. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The reign of the third king of Rome ended, when Tullus Hostilius died in 642 BC, a victim of the plague. Rome then tried to live in peace with the men of Sabine by allowing them to participate in Roman society. When a plague struck, the people of Rome believed it to be divine punishment. Tullus Hostilius (r. 673–642 BC) was the legendary third king of Rome. Tullus waged war against Alba Longa, Fidenae and Veii, and the Sabines. Tullus Hostilius was the grandson of Hostus Hostilius, who had fought with Romulus and died during the Sabine invasion of Rome. He ruled Rome from about 673-642 B.C. Numa had been a peaceful man, but Hostilius turned out to be even more warlike than the first king of Rome, Romulus. 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