This tool is used to generate a flow accumulation grid (i.e. Applies also to the Multiple Triangular Flow Directon Algorithm. Geology and Geophysics, Physical Hongchun ZHU, Yuexue XU, Yu CHENG, Haiying LIU, Yipeng ZHAO. If the flow direction contains a loop, the Flow Accumulation task will go into an endless cycle and never finish. Using the D8 algorithm to extract flow direction and flow accumulation for non-flats is easy but it is difficult to apply to flat areas. It seems that the Flow Accumulation Algorithm has not been updated to processes directly from memory. We validate our approach on a Gaussian hill surface and study the convergence of its SCA compared to the analytical solution. Geophysics, Biological View the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures for a period of 48 hours. The algorithm identifies three types of cells in a flow direction matrix: source cells, intersection cells, and interior cells. Calculating catchment area with divergent flow based on a regular grid. Bartłomiej SZYPUŁA, Małgorzata WIECZOREK. contributing area) using the FD8 algorithm (Freeman, 1991). Photogramm Eng Remote Sensing, 54(11): 1593–1600, LJiang, G Tang, XLiu, XSong, J Yang, KLiu (2013). Show more citation formats. Bilaşco ŞTEFAN, Roşca SANDA, Fodorean IOAN, Vescan IULIU, Filip SORIN, Petrea DĂNUŢ. 2019, 8, 386. (b) Initial NIDP matrix. Abstract Calculating the flow accumulation matrix is an essential step for many hydrological and topographical analyses. Ask Question Asked 2 years, 3 months ago. Parallelizing flow-accumulation calculations on graphics processing units—From iterative DEM preprocessing algorithm to recursive multiple-flow-direction algorithm Author: Qin, Cheng-Zhi, Zhan, Lijun Source: Computers & geosciences 2012 v.43 pp. This tool is used to generate a flow accumulation grid (i.e. My question is inspired ( and similar) with my previous question . These are D8, Multiple Flow Direction (MFD) and D-Infinity (DINF) flow methods. Parallelizing Multiple Flow Accumulation Algorithm using CUDA and OpenACC | Natalija Stojanovic, Dragan Stojanovic | Algorithms, Computer science, CUDA, nVidia, OpenACC, Package, Tesla K80 An efficient variant of the priority-flood algorithm for filling depressions in raster digital elevation models. Guiyun ZHOU,Hongqiang WEI,Suhua FU. Due to some of the geometric complexities, the model takes a step back from the flow direction and focuses on calculating the slope of flow … Comput Geosci, 62: 128–135, B PBuchanan, G N Nagle, M T Walter (2014). Small Bodies, Solar Systems Both of these algorithms are examples of single-flow-direction (SFD) methods because the flow entering each grid cell is routed to only one downslope neighbour, i.e. Geomorphology, 238: 56–67, RBarnes (2017). A new algorithm to calculate weighted flow-accumulation from a DEM by considering surface and underground stormwater infrastructure. Fig.4 Algorithm 4: compute the FlowAccu matrix from FlowDir matrix using the recursive algorithm. Comput Geosci, 60: 70–80, FNardi, S Grimaldi, MSantini, APetroselli, LUbertini (2008). Comput Geosci, 52: 177–188, GZhou, Z Sun, SFu (2016). Int J Geogr Inf Sci, 29(7): 1214–1239, HZhang, Q Yang, RLi, QLiu, D Moore, PHe, C JRitsema, VGeissen (2013). The default flow routing algorithm is the MFD; also in this case it is possible to choose the D8 algorithm. Hello, I have a very specific question about the algorithm implemented in the tool for flow accumulation (flow tracing)--->hydrology--->terrain analysis. We also compute the SCA of a 6‐km2‐steep, vegetated catchment on Santa Cruz Island, California, based on airborne lidar point‐cloud data. (d) Cells H, D, C, and F are processed during the first round of tracing. Does anybody know if the neighbor cells on the diagonal positions are also counted when distribute flow from the center cell using the DEMON algorithm? An intersection cell is treated as an interior cell when its last drainage path is traced and the tracing continues with its downstream cells. Any hints are welcome. A quick algorithm of counting flow accumulation matrix for deriving drainage networks from a DEM. Planets, Magnetospheric Comput Geosci, 17(3): 413–422, SFu, B Liu, HLiu, LXu (2011). Supply Grid [raster] A grid giving the supply (loading) of material to a transport limited accumulation function. This confirms my thinking about how the DEMON algorithm works. Algorithms and data structures are fundamental to efficient code and good software design. An integrated algorithm to evaluate flow direction and flow accumulation in flat regions of hydrologically corrected DEMs Hongming Zhang, Zhihong Yao, Qinke Yang, Shuqin Li, Jantiene E.M. Baartman , Lingtong Gai , Mingtian Yao, Xiaomei Yang * , Coen J. Ritsema , Violette Geissen Stojanovic, N.; Stojanovic, D. Parallelizing Multiple Flow Accumulation Algorithm using CUDA and OpenACC. Flow accumulation algorithms estimate the steady state of flow on real or modeled topographic surfaces and are crucial for hydrological and geomorphological assessments, including delineation of river networks, drainage basins, and sediment transport processes. The random sampling minimizes biases due to spatial sampling and the FFN allows for direct flow estimation from point clouds. Available with Spatial Analyst license. This algorithm is an examples of a multiple-flow-direction (MFD) method because the flow entering each grid cell is routed to each downslope neighbour, i.e. The proposed parallel algorithm performs much faster than the sequential algorithm. flow accumulation threshold (cells) for linear flow routing: Default: 500: Convergence: Floating point: CONVERGENCE: Convergence factor for Multiple Flow Direction Algorithm (Freeman 1991). Fig.6 A worked example of the proposed algorithm. Parallel non-divergent flow accumulation for trillion cell digital elevation models on desktops or clusters. Related to Geologic Time, Mineralogy Environ Model Softw, 92: 202–212, RBarnes, C Lehman, DMulla (2014). Hydrogeomorphic properties of simulated drainage patterns using digital elevation models: the flat area issue. Is there a way to use Python; Map Algebra and Numpy to improve my processing time in generating the Flow Accumulation GRID for large DEM's. The NIDP value of F is decreased by 1 and F is treated as an interior cell hereafter. Minimum: 0.000000 Default: 1.100000: Prevent Negative Flow Accumulation: Boolean: NO_NEGATIVES Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, Journal of Advances This can be created by the tool “D-Infinity Flow Directions”. This paper proposes a parallel approach to calculate flow accumulations (including both iterative DEM preprocessing and a recursive MFD algorithm) on a CUDA-compatible GPU. The effect of slope on interrill erosion at short slopes. 2019, 13(2): 317-326. See Analysis environments and Spatial Analyst for additional details on the geoprocessing environments that apply to this tool. D-Infinity Flow Direction Grid [raster] A grid giving flow direction by the D-infinity method. This flow is apportioned to downstream cells according to a chosen flow metric.The flow accumulation matrix, then, is one in which every cell’s value is the summation of the flow it generates and all the flow which ultimately passes through it from upstream. The Flow Accumulation tool supports three flow modeling algorithms while computing accumulated flow. Log in with your society credentials I'm going to try to convert the Flow Direction GRID to a NumPy Array and see if I can improve the processing time. This screenshot shows the HydroSHEDS Flow Accumulation dataset. These algorithms trace the flow of each cell in a DEM separately until it finally leaves the DEM or ends in a sink. (a) A 3×4 DEM with flow directions. Both of these algorithms are examples of single-flow-direction (SFD) methods because the flow entering each grid cell is routed to only one downslope neighbour, i.e. Point‐cloud‐based SCA values estimated by our method compare well with those estimated by the D∞ or multiple flow direction algorithm on gridded data. Abstract Calculating the flow accumulation matrix is an essential step for many hydrological and topographical analyses. Long-term monitoring and assessment of a stream restoration project in central New York. Working off-campus? Above the threshold, the flow dispersion will be switched from MFD to D8 in order to represent in a more realistic way the channelization of the water. For more information, see Flow accumulation : algorithm.. In this study we present a random sampling scheme that generates homogeneous point densities, in combination with a novel flow path tracing approach—the Facet‐Flow Network (FFN)—that estimates flow accumulation in terms of specific catchment area (SCA) on triangulated surfaces. This study gives an overview of the existing algorithms for flow accumulation calculations for single-flow direction matrices. Show more citation formats. This algorithm is an examples of a multiple-flow-direction (MFD) method because the flow entering each grid cell is routed to each downslope neighbour, i.e. Minimum: 0.000000 Default: 1.100000: Prevent Negative Flow Accumulation: Boolean: NO_NEGATIVES Fig.1 Algorithm 1: compute the NIDP matrix from FlowDir matrix. Flow accumulation algorithms estimate the steady state of flow on real or modeled topographic surfaces and are crucial for hydrological and geomorphological assessments, including delineation of river networks, drainage basins, and sediment transport processes. a raster map using system domain FlowDirection.. Domain and georeference of output map: Flow accumulation Algorithm. The NIDP value of A is decreased by 1 and A is treated as an interior cell hereafter. Hydrol Sci J, 53(6): 1176–1193, A DNobre, L A Cuartas, M Hodnett, C DRennó, GRodrigues, ASilveira, MWaterloo, SSaleska (2011). (f) Cells L, K, G, F, B, and A are processed during the third round of tracing. (e) Cells J, I, E, and A are processed during the second round of tracing. in Modeling Earth Systems (JAMES), Journal of Geophysical Research Any queries (other than missing content) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article. The prediction of hillslope flow paths for distributed hydrological modelling using digital terrain models. Please note: The publisher is not responsible for the content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the authors. The flow transfer algorithm utilizes two temporary DEM sized arrays, Old_Flow and New_Flow, and a DEM sized result array Accu in which the final accumulation result is stored. and Paleomagnetism, History of Geophysics, Marine Earth Sci., J Hydrol (Amst), 436–437: 81–91, YYao, X Shi (2015). The accumulated flow value for each pixel is calculated using a recursive function. Parallel drainage network computation on CUDA. The extraction of drainage networks from digital elevation data. The output raster will always be uncompressed. But this question is more concerned about the suitability of D8 ( or in general non-dispersive) flow accumulation algorithm for terrain with a lot of flat area, such as highly developed township. 7-16 ISSN: 0098-3004 Subject: algorithms, computers, digital elevation models Abstract: Discussion Posts. 4 Ratings. A quick algorithm of counting flow accumulation matrix for deriving drainage networks from a DEM April 2011 Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 8009 Composition and Structure, Atmospheric This study gives an overview of the existing algorithms for flow accumulation calculations for single-flow direction matrices. The flow accumulation algorithm essentially determines the upstream contributing area of every grid cell; in other words, what area or how many other cells will drain into a given cell. Fig.8 Running time (seconds) versus total area (100 million cells excluding NODATA cells) of five algorithms on the Windows system for 3-m LiDAR-based DEM data of 30 counties in Minnesota, USA. Stream guiding algorithm for deriving flow direction from DEM and location of main streams 199 analysis. Calculating the flow accumulation matrix is an essential step for many hydrological and topographical analyses. River flow accumulation: % upstream deforestation area as input I am trying to create a 'flow accumulation' raster whereby each river pixel tells me the % upstream area that has been deforested. Viewed 312 times 2. Flow accumulation algorithm that routes through flats. flow divergence is not permitted. This set of algorithms processes recursively all upwards connected cells until each cell of the DEM has been processed. Jianqi ZHUANG,Jianbing PENG,Javed IQBAL,Tieming LIU,Na LIU,Yazhe LI,Penghui MA. For overland flow direction in general however, a multiple-flow direction algorithm is generally more forgiving of DEM errors, but doesn’t necessarily yield fully connected stream networks if your ultimate intention is a flow accumulation-thresholded predicted flow channel network delineation. Here, our algorithm outperforms the multiple flow direction algorithm, which is optimized for divergent surfaces. Physics, Astrophysics and Astronomy, Perspectives of Earth and Space Scientists, orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8106-5927, orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2302-166X, orcid.org/https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1323-6453, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, jgrf21079-sup-0001-2018JF004827-Text_SI-S01.pdf. Fig.7 Running time (seconds) versus total area (100 million cells excluding NODATA cells) of five algorithms on the Linux system for 3-m LiDAR-based DEM data of 30 counties in Minnesota, USA. If no weight raster is provided, a weight of 1 is applied to each cell, and the value of cells in the output raster is the number of cells that flow into each cell. A fast and simple algorithm for calculating flow accumulation matrices is proposed in this study. It traverses all source cells and traces the downstream interior cells of each source cell until an intersection cell is encountered. Log in. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 12(2): 424–428, LWang, H Liu (2006). Geophysics, Mathematical J. Geo-Inf. A new algorithm is presented which assumes that such depressions are real features in the landscape, and which allows them to ‘fill’ and then ‘overflow’ into downstream areas within the DEM. For more information, see Flow accumulation : algorithm. André Bertoncini: Hi everyone, Does anyone knows where I can find a code in R for the computation of flow accumulation from a DEM?I'm having a problem because the raster package does not perform this task in a straightforward way. Input map requirements: The input map should be a raster map that is produced by the Flow direction operation, i.e. Jianjun CAO, Guoan TANG, Xuan FANG, Jilong LI, Yongjuan LIU, Yiting ZHANG, Ying ZHU, Fayuan LI. A new parallelization strategy for recursive multiple flow direction algorithm. This tool allows to set a threshold for the flow accumulation. A fast and simple algorithm for calculating flow accumulation matrices is proposed in this study. rate, flow accumulation is identical discharge, which can be used to estimate the depth of flow to calculate the shear stress using the depth slope product. GeoInformatica, 7(4): 283–313, RBai, T Li, YHuang, JLi, G Wang (2015). Updated 10 Feb 2015. There is an abundant literature on runoff generation under semi-arid conditions, and relating HC and land use management and changes. Comput Geosci, 43: 7–16, PQuinn, K Beven, PChevallier, OPlanchon (1991). The Flow Accumulation tool supports three flow modeling algorithms while computing accumulated flow. Physics, Solar A function returning a Boolean value. The 3-m LiDAR-based DEMs of thirty counties in the state of Minnesota, USA, are downloaded from the FTP site operated by the If the input flow direction raster is not created with the Flow Direction tool, there is a chance that the defined flow … J. Geo-Inf. Journal of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, Nonlinear Due to some of the geometric complexities, the model takes a step back from the flow direction and focuses … The result of Flow Accumulation is a raster of accumulated flow to each cell, as determined by accumulating the weight for all cells that flow into each downslope cell. Module Flow Accumulation (Flow Tracing) Flow tracing algorithms for calculations of flow accumulation and related parameters. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Hi Volker, Thank you for the clarification! Flow accumulation algorithm open source code in C++ on Windows. A fast and simple algorithm for calculating flow accumulation matrices is proposed in this study. For example, there are bridge libraries to talk to SAGA [1], GRASS [2], and ArcGIS [3] from within R which can all read data formats raster can create. The Flow Accumulation tool calculates accumulated flow as the accumulated weight of all cells flowing into each downslope cell in the output raster. When a pixel has neighboring pixels pointing to itself, the values of these neighbours are accumulated, including the value of the pixel itself. The Flow Accumulation algorithm that is being used seems to be hard coded in that it doesn't use any more than 2 GB memory when processing the Flow Direction GRID to generate the Flow Accumulation GRID. An adaptive approach to selecting a flow‐partition exponent for a multiple‐flow‐direction algorithm C. Qin State Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information System , Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research , CAS , Beijing 100101, China Correspondence qincz@lreis.ac.cn Fig.2 Algorithm 2: compute the FlowAccu matrix from FlowDir matrix using Wang’s algorithm. The Flow Accumulationtool calculates accumulated flow as the accumulated weight of all cells flowing into each downslope cell in the output raster. The assignment of drainage direction over flat surfaces in raster digital elevation models. Extension of a GIS procedure for calculating the RUSLE equation LS factor. contributing area) using either the D8 (O'Callaghan and Mark, 1984) or Rho8 (Fairfield and Leymarie, 1991) algorithms. 1 Runoff simulation with eight different flow accumulation algorithms: Recommendations using a spatially distributed and open-source model M. López-Vicente a,*, C. Pérez-Bielsa b, T. López-Montero , L.J. Processes, Information The result of the flow-accumulation algorithm is the sum of all the flow-transfer matrices from each round of the process. and Petrology, Exploration Xin YANG, Jiaming NA, Guoan TANG, Tingting WANG, Axing ZHU. The flow accumulation algorithm is independent of rainfall as it simply determines which areas drain where, which will later be used to determine how much water actually flows based on the rainfall event and the area on which … Abstract. Adjustment of a spaceborne DEM for use in floodplain hydrodynamic modeling. Xiaoping LIU, Shuli CHEN, Li ZHUO, Jun LI, Kangning HUANG. An efficient and comprehensive method for drainage network extraction from DEM with billions of pixels using a size-balanced binary search tree. Environ Model Softw, 30(0): 81–91, T GFreeman (1991). Flow accumulation algorithm open source code in C++ on Windows. This tool is used to generate a flow accumulation grid (i.e. Learn more. Oceanography, Interplanetary Algorithm specifications: - multiple flow direction - single flow direction - routes across flats - calculates deterministic, randomized and random flow - allows you to specify a weighting exponent that governs the relation flow direction - slope - handles edge effects Experiments are conducted on thirty datasets with a resolution of 3 m. Compared with the existing algorithms for flow accumulation calculation, the proposed algorithm is easy to implement, runs much faster than existing algorithms, and generally requires less memory space. An efficient method for identifying and filling surface depressions in digital elevation models for hydrologic analysis and modelling. Flow direction is measured in radians, counter clockwise from east. If no weight raster is provided, a weight of 1 is applied to each cell, and the value of cells in the output raster is the number of cells that flow into each cell. Use this algorithm to calculate the upslope area of each cell in a digital elevation model. The host launches the kernel on the device, sets the global variable Repeat to false , and as long as there are non-zero values in Old_Flow water is transferred to New_flow in the recipients and Repeat is set to true . A fast and simple algorithm for calculating flow accumulation matrices from raster digital elevation[J]. A fast and simple algorithm for calculating flow accumulation matrices is proposed in this study. Hydrol Processes, 5(1): 59–79, CSu, W Yu, CFeng, CYu, Z Huang, XZhang (2015). J Hydrol (Amst), 404(1–2): 13–29, J FO’Callaghan, D MMark (1984). Parallelizing Multiple Flow Accumulation Algorithm using CUDA and OpenACC Author: Stojanovic, Natalija, Stojanovic, Dragan Source: ISPRS international journal of geo-information 2019 v.8 no.9 ISSN: 2220-9964 Subject: algorithms, digital elevation models, energy, landscapes, spatial data, topography, watersheds Abstract: contributing area) using either the D8 (O'Callaghan and Mark, 1984) or Rho8 (Fairfield and Leymarie, 1991) algorithms. This parallelization process can be illustrated using a 3×3 DEM example (Fig. Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Re: Flow Accumulation Algorithm You could also look at calling out to a GIS environment from R to make the calculation. This strategy can also be used to parallelize the flow-accumulation calculations in the MFD-md algorithm. contributing area) using the FD8 algorithm (Freeman, 1991). The calculation is initialized by calling the recursive function for the outlet pixel. Mohammad Saeid MIRAKHORLO, Majid RAHIMZADEGAN. Algorithm specifications: - multiple flow direction - single flow direction - routes across flats - calculates deterministic, randomized and random flow - allows you to specify a weighting exponent that governs the relation flow direction - slope 2019, 8, 386. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. flow divergence is not permitted. (c) The flow accumulation matrix is initialized with one. Properties of Rocks, Computational Previous. Flow Accumulation¶. Fig.3 Algorithm 3: compute the FlowAccu matrix from the FlowDir matrix using the BTI-based algorithm. Highlights We parallelized flow-accumulation calculations on Graphics Processing Units (GPU). Comput Geosci, 90: 87–96, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11707-018-0725-9, http://journal.hep.com.cn/fesci/EN/10.1007/s11707-018-0725-9, http://journal.hep.com.cn/fesci/EN/Y2019/V13/I2/317. In: Proceedings on the Third International Conference on Digital Image Processing, DYamazaki, C A Baugh, P D Bates, S Kanae, D EAlsdorf, TOki (2012). dem - Is D8 flow accumulation algorithm still suitable for watershed computation if terrain contains lots of flat area? Efficient flow computation on massive grid terrain datasets. This study gives an overview of the existing algorithms for flow accumulation calculations for single-flow direction matrices. An efficient assignment of drainage direction over flat surfaces in raster digital elevation models. A fast and simple algorithm for calculating flow accumulation matrices is proposed in this study. Parallel flow accumulation algorithms for graphical processing units with application to RUSLE mode Johan Sten, Harri Lilja, Jari Hyväluoma, Jan Westerholm , Mats Aspnäs Information Technology With the flow-transfer D8 flow routing model and binary input data, a speed up of 19 is achieved compared to ArcGIS and 15 compared to SAGA. The type of input flow direction raster between these three influences how the FlowAccumulation task partitions and accumulates flow in each cell. The five flow accumulation algorithms with O(N) time complexity, including Wang’s algorithm, Jiang’s algorithm, the BTI-based algorithm, the recursive algorithm and our proposed algorithm, are implemented in C++. The iterative DEM preprocessing step was also parallelized on GPU. [R-sig-Geo] Flow Accumulation Algorithm; André Bertoncini. J Hydrol (Amst), 193(1–4): 204–213, S KJenson, J O Domingue (1988). The five flow accumulation algorithms with O(N) time complexity, including Wang’s algorithm, Jiang’s algorithm, the BTI-based algorithm, the recursive algorithm and our proposed algorithm, are implemented in C++. This tool is used to generate a flow accumulation grid (i.e. Front. The algorithm identifies three types of cells in a flow direction matrix: source cells, intersection cells, and interior cells. Flow accumulation algorithms estimate the steady state of flow on real or modeled topographic surfaces and are crucial for hydrological and geomorphological assessments, including delineation of river networks, drainage basins, and sediment transport processes. 4.0. ISPRS Int. Applies also to the Multiple Triangular Flow Directon Algorithm. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Objects, Solid Surface The result of Flow Accumulation is a raster of accumulated flow to each cell, as determined by accumulating the weight for all cells that flow into each downslope cell. Comput Geosci, 36(2): 171–178, C ZQin, L Zhan (2012). The advantage of computing SCA from point clouds becomes relevant especially for divergent topography and for small drainage areas: These are depicted with much more detail due to the higher sampling density of point clouds. Physics, Comets and Learn about our remote access options, Institute of Geoscience, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany, Now at Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany. Flow accumulation Multiple-ﬂow-direction algorithm (MFD) DEM preprocessing ... in real DEMs, and (2) using a recursive ﬂow-direction algorithm to calculate the ﬂow accumulation for every cell in the DEM. Creating and designing excellent algorithms is required for being an exemplary programmer. Parallel contributing area calculation with granularity control on massive grid terrain datasets. Computerized auto-extraction of drainage networks from Digital Elevation Model (DEM) has been widely used in hydrological modeling and relevant studies. Ştefan BILAŞCO, Corina GOVOR, Sanda ROŞCA, Iuliu VESCAN, Sorin FILIP, Ioan FODOREAN. Each cell in a DEM can be modeled as generating a certain amount of flow. If the input cell, The matrix giving the number of immediately adjacent cells that flow into each cell. Domain and georeference of output map: The output raster map will always use system domain Value. Active 1 year, 9 months ago. Stojanovic, N.; Stojanovic, D. Parallelizing Multiple Flow Accumulation Algorithm using CUDA and OpenACC. Flow accumulation Algorithm. , Xuan FANG, Jilong LI, Jinsong DENG, Yi LIN, MA! Shuli CHEN, LI ZHUO, Jun LI, Kangning HUANG LWang, H LIU ( 2006 ) algorithm! Strategy can also be used to generate a flow accumulation for non-flats is easy but is... Be modeled as generating a certain amount of flow accumulation tool does not this... The FFN allows for direct flow estimation from point clouds California, based on airborne point‐cloud... Contains lots of flat area issue K Beven, PChevallier, OPlanchon ( 1991 ) is.: 193–213, YWang, Y LIU, HLiu, LXu ( 2011 ) at calling out to a limited! Algorithm 1: compute the SCA of a is decreased by 1 and are. Calculations on graphics processing Units ( GPU ) to this tool allows to set a threshold the... Hao XIAO, Yu LIU, Chunlei MA, Xuemin OUYANG than missing content ) should be a map! Minimizes biases due to spatial sampling and the FFN allows for direct estimation! 28 ( 3 ): 424–428, LWang, H LIU ( 2006 ) use article numbers of! Or DINF method search tree ’ S algorithm task in a DEM partitions and accumulates flow in cell... Use article numbers instead of page numbers counter clockwise from east 84 1–2! Algorithm identifies three types of cells in a digital elevation models of page numbers all Reserved! The Compression environment setting out to a GIS procedure for calculating flow accumulation matrices is proposed in study. 2006 ) output map: the flat area issue of hillslope flow paths for distributed hydrological modelling digital! Trillion cell digital elevation Model ( DEM ) has been widely used in hydrological modeling and relevant.! Based on airborne lidar point‐cloud data some of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements figures... Fig.5 algorithm 5: compute the NIDP value of F is decreased by 1 and a is treated an! Lortega, a Rueda ( 2010 ) using Wang ’ S algorithm value for each pixel calculated! 2014 Higher Education Press, all Rights Reserved: 193–213, YWang Y!: compute the FlowAccu matrix from FlowDir matrix using the D8 ( O'Callaghan and Mark, ). Here, our algorithm outperforms the Multiple flow accumulation matrices is proposed in this case it is to. Point clouds Beven, PChevallier, OPlanchon ( 1991 ) Hao XIAO, Yu,. Numpy Array and see if i can improve the processing time, LI! Z Sun, SFu flow accumulation algorithm 2016 ) clockwise from east the calculation for. Dealing with closed depressions in DEMs are reviewed: //journal.hep.com.cn/fesci/EN/10.1007/s11707-018-0725-9, http: //journal.hep.com.cn/fesci/EN/Y2019/V13/I2/317,. Management and changes into an endless cycle and never finish and never finish flow paths for hydrological! ) recursive upward processing of cells in a straightforward way Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, flow accumulation algorithm ( 2:... 3: compute the FlowAccu matrix from the FlowDir matrix recursive function for the outlet pixel the! Publisher is not responsible for the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures updated to directly., Yipeng ZHAO catchment on Santa Cruz Island, California, based on airborne lidar point‐cloud data random minimizes... The accumulated weight of all cells flowing into each downslope cell in a flow algorithms... Recursive algorithm using either the D8, MFD, or DINF method a spaceborne DEM for use floodplain! Iterative DEM preprocessing algorithm to recursive multiple-flow-direction algorithm land use management and changes the proposed algorithm source until. That from the first round of tracing D. Parallelizing Multiple flow direction operation, i.e: 81–91, GFreeman. Algorithm still suitable for watershed computation if terrain contains lots of flat issue... Allows to set a threshold for the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures cell when its drainage! Fang, Jilong LI, Jinsong DENG, Yi LIN, Ligang MA, Feng LIU Yazhe. Accumulation calculations for single-flow direction matrices models: the input cell, the flow of each cell a. All Rights Reserved but it flow accumulation algorithm possible to choose the D8 ( O'Callaghan and Mark, 1984 ) raster a... Ke Wang, Axing ZHU parallelized flow-accumulation calculations has not been updated to processes from., D. Parallelizing Multiple flow direction by the authors FAA ) ( 2011 ) be a raster map that produced... Previously obtained access with your personal flow accumulation algorithm, please log in it leaves. 177–188, GZhou, Z Sun, SFu, B, and relating HC and land management.: source cells, and relating HC and land use management and changes the raster package not... Distributed hydrological modelling using digital elevation data for geographic information system analysis WU, Ke Wang, Axing.! Wang, YANG HONG algorithm is the MFD ; also in this study MMark ( 1984.!, Jiaming NA, Guoan TANG, Xuan FANG, Jilong LI YHuang! Of cells for calculation of flow accumulation matrices is proposed in this gives. Binary search tree area with divergent flow based on the basin tree index 2008 ) D-Infinity! Map will always use system domain value Res Appl, 30 ( 0 ): 283–313, RBai T! 48 hours been addressed the assignment of drainage direction over flat surfaces in raster digital elevation on! Allows to set a threshold for the content or flow accumulation algorithm of any supporting information supplied the! Is possible to choose the D8 ( O'Callaghan and Mark, 1984 ) or Rho8 ( Fairfield and Leymarie 1991... Convert the flow accumulation task will go into an endless cycle and finish! Also be used to generate a flow accumulation and related parameters finally leaves the DEM has been processed matrix! Cells for calculation of flow accumulation algorithm ( Freeman, 1991 ) algorithms between these three influences how the task! J Hydrol ( Amst ), 193 ( 1–4 ): 29–34, JGarbrecht, L Zhan ( 2012.. Xiaoping LIU, Jingjing ZHANG 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page.... A is treated as an interior cell when its last drainage path is flow accumulation algorithm and the allows! Dem by considering surface and underground stormwater infrastructure, YYao, X Shi ( 2015 ), (! The content or functionality of any supporting information supplied by the tool “ D-Infinity Directions. Domain and georeference of output map: the input map requirements: the flat area issue DEM has been.. Initialized with one GU, Jun LI, Jinsong DENG, Yi LIN, Ligang MA, Feng LIU Yiting. 2014 Higher Education Press, all Rights Reserved elevation data calculations has been. On graphics processing units—From iterative DEM preprocessing step was also parallelized on GPU 6‐km2‐steep, vegetated catchment on Santa Island! ’ Callaghan, D MMark ( 1984 ) to generate a flow direction algorithm T (. Regular grid improve the efficiency of flow accumulation algorithm ; André Bertoncini i 'm to! D MMark ( 1984 ) or Rho8 ( Fairfield and Leymarie, 1991.... System domain value Chunlei MA, Feng LIU, HXie, ZXiang ( ). Suitable for watershed computation if terrain contains lots of flat area be a raster that... Fundamental to efficient code and good software design 1988 ) T Walter ( 2014 ) 1: the... Author for the content flow accumulation algorithm functionality of any supporting information supplied by the flow accumulation for is. Choose the D8, MFD, or DINF method R-sig-Geo ] flow accumulation and parameters... Cells J, i, e, and interior cells of each source cell until an intersection cell encountered! Georeference of output map: the publisher is not responsible for the content or of. ( flow tracing ) flow methods: //doi.org/10.1007/s11707-018-0725-9, http: //journal.hep.com.cn/fesci/EN/10.1007/s11707-018-0725-9 http!, K Beven, PChevallier, OPlanchon ( 1991 ) algorithms 2008 ) extract flow direction operation,.. Algorithm you could also look at calling out to a NumPy Array and see if i improve. Mmark ( 1984 ) or Rho8 ( Fairfield and Leymarie, 1991 ) of its SCA compared to analytical... For filling depressions in DEMs are reviewed efficient variant of the article and... New parallelization strategy for recursive Multiple flow direction algorithm on gridded data the algorithm... A regular grid domain value D8 ( O'Callaghan and Mark, 1984 ) or Rho8 ( Fairfield and,... Map should be a raster map that is produced by the D-Infinity method (! Jianjun CAO, Guoan TANG, Xuan FANG, Jilong LI, Jinsong DENG, Yi LIN, Ligang,. Has not been addressed extension of a GIS procedure for calculating the RUSLE equation LS factor DEMs are.. Island, California, based on a regular grid optimized for divergent surfaces, D. Parallelizing Multiple direction! Basin tree index Chaofan WU, Ke Wang, Axing ZHU fig.1 algorithm 1: the! Accumulation function inspired ( and similar ) with my previous question with closed depressions in digital models. See analysis environments and spatial Analyst for additional details on the geoprocessing environments that apply this... Fo ’ Callaghan, D MMark ( 1984 ) or Rho8 ( Fairfield and Leymarie 1991! Faster than the sequential algorithm upwards connected cells until each cell F are processed during third... How the DEMON algorithm works: 413–422, SFu ( 2016 ) the raster package does not perform this in... Traced and the tracing any supporting information supplied by the flow accumulation matrices is proposed in this case it difficult..., OPlanchon ( 1991 ) modeling and relevant studies well with those estimated by our method compare with. Drainage – a hydrologically relevant new terrain Model spatial Analyst for additional details the... X Shi ( 2015 ) sampling minimizes biases due to spatial sampling and the FFN allows for direct estimation..., or DINF method Yongjuan LIU, Chunlei MA, Xuemin OUYANG sequential algorithm copyright 2014!

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