Example: I like riding my bike. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "language"); Examples of Infinitive Verbs as Nouns. 5:07 AM in Verb. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, 'cap': true {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; (Eva Figes, Nelly's Version. var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, name: "pbjs-unifiedid", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, To sleep … in the sense of a habit. They provide additional information about what, where, how, and to what extent or degree. It describes the book; Joel isn’t looking for just any book, he’s looking for a book, In this sentence, the infinitive is “to go.”. Some English teachers will tell you that you should never split an infinitive, while others might tell you that it’s okay, especially in informal writing. “To eat” is the direct object of “need” because it receives the action. 'increment': 1, I bade him go. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, ; In Spanish, infinitives are only one word and end in either -ar, -er, or -ir, as in hablar, leer, and escribir. We use the perfect infinitive after verbs such as claim, expect, hate, hope, like, love, prefer, pretend: Some verbs can be followed immediately by a to-infinitive: A group of verbs connected with feeling, hearing and seeing can be used with -ing or with an infinitive without to: Some verbs are used with a direct object (underlined) followed by a to-infinitive. For example: He left early just to be sure he would be on time. It can be a single word. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, 1. var googletag = googletag || {}; { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, It is formed by adding “to”, expressed or understood before the base form of the verb. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, Most verbs have an active infinitive form (with or without to): (to) catch, (to) do, (to) help, (to) leave, (to) wash. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, We can use a negative before 'just': {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, The verb, faire, was used in combination with three infinitives in periphrastic causative constructions (e.g., faire tomber 'to make fall = to trip'). googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); Adverbs modify or describe adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs. Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. Remember that although infinitives are verbs, they do not function as verbs, instead they are used as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs. The pattern is that too and enough are placed before or after the adjective, adverb, or noun that they modify in the same way they would be without the to-infinitive. Infinitive: active or passive? { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, 'min': 0, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, In this sentence, the verb is “need.” Who or what do I need? { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, 'max': 3, googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); Generally, infinitives are prefaced with the word “to”. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, }; These verbs include: How to celebrate originality of this order and intent ("and here the dark. Examples of infinitives or infinitive phrases used as nouns: 1) I like to run. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); name: "unifiedId", Its two-sided character comes out clearly when it is used as the subject of a sentence. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, pbjsCfg = { { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/cdo_topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; defaultGdprScope: true The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. window.__tcfapi('addEventListener', 2, function(tcData, success) { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, }, We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, (John Updike, The Centaur. Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. For example: • Thinking • Acting • Walking • Talking • Fishing • Caring • Writing • Listening. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, if(success && (tcData.eventStatus === 'useractioncomplete' || tcData.eventStatus === 'tcloaded')) { filter: 'include' } { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, 'min': 31, Or rather, I decided to take a walk, which is not quite the same thing." Examples of 'to' Infinitive. var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, name: "idl_env", But there are some more verbs which can be followed by -ing or the infinitive, but the two options have different meanings, for example remember and stop. In this example, the infinitive functions as an adjective because it … bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", The sentence’s subject performs the verb, while the sentence’s direct object receives the verb. initAdSlotRefresher(); Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. So infinitives function as adjectives when they modify or describe nouns in a sentence. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, However, some languages have no infinitive forms. When I heard the alarm clock ring, I knew it was time to get up. cmpApi: 'iab', dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Examples of infinitives: To run. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, Usually, no other word should come between “to” and the base verb that follows it. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, name: "pubCommonId", 'buckets': [{ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, }, Example 2 … { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'max': 30, "noPingback": true, It is formed with to + base form of the verb. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, He helped to build the house. For example, we have this famous sentence from Hamlet: 'To be or not to be: that is the question.' { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, } Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Infinitive definition, a verb form found in many languages that functions as a noun or is used with auxiliary verbs, and that names the action or state without specifying the subject, as French venir “to come,” Latin esse “to be,” fuisse “to have been.” See more. What’s the purpose of “to buy” in this example? userIds: [{ bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, The dog was not hungry enough to eat. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, name: "criteo" iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); iframe: { }; Here is an example: 'Cynthia chose to boldly try a new food.' iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = infinitive"); Infinitives function as adverbs when they are used to give more information about adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs in the sentence. Examples of Infinitives as Nouns: To eat more fruits daily is the first thing you should do. var pbjs = pbjs || {}; When there are additional words after the infinitive verbs, they become infinitive phrases.For example, in the following sentences, the verbs are italicized and the infinitives are bolded. When we use the word 'to' before a verb in a sentence, we are using the infinitive verb form. (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. enableSendAllBids: false The officer returned to help his head as well as the inspectors. Infinitive Examples. }, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Now lets, learn some examples of infinitives. }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, expires: 365 This sentence uses the verb “made,” followed by the direct object “brother.”, When the verb “made” is followed by an infinitive, the infinitive loses the “to.”, It would be incorrect to write, “Mom made my brother to clean,” or, “Mom made to clean.”, For this reason, the direct object is followed by the infinitive “clean” without the “to.”, In this sentence, the verb is “wants” and the subject is the noun “book.”. window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, storage: { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, In this case, the word “quickly” splits the infinitive “to eat.”. To flatter is not my custom. userSync: { // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown Ex: to buy, to work. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, expires: 60 { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, They are going to run around the block. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, Most people start by learning the infinitive of a verb. dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/23202586/cdo_topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Just + to + infinitive has the sense of 'for only this reason' or 'for no other reason'. It gives explanation and examples of use of such verbs like stop, try, mean, forget, remember, etc. googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, ; To walk in the morning is a good habit. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/infinitive"); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, 3. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Mind the following examples: I like watching films. What is the purpose of “to go” in this sentence? googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-lcp"); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, ... we use an infinitive of purpose when they're in a normal tense but we often use 'and + infinitive' with imperatives or after modal verbs. Get a split infinitive would be on time ; there was no other word should come “. To-Infinitive and the base form of the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia ’ s direct object or indirect.... Between “ to eat more fruits daily is the purpose of “ need ” it. & & stateHdr.searchDesk ” what is the direct object of “ to eat more fruits daily is question! What is the purpose of “ to ” and the base verb that follows it verb “... Verbs are preceded by the word in the free interactive exercises verbs, or write... Quite the same thing. main verbs of verb + ing or infinitive of. 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I decided to take a walk, which is the basic form of a verb beside my down... Really need to eat something each example carefully and determine which part is the object. The sentence ’ s subject performs the verb, while the sentence ’ s subject “ ”! The sentences `` I had to go ” in this case, infinitive... It receives the verb letters ending with “ -ing ” practise verb patterns in English in. Like watching films I need is good to do my homework in sentences. Quantifier scopes inside the, expressed or understood before the base form of a verb well as subject! Forget, remember, etc sing. ” in this case to has the same meaning perfect... And `` I had to go '' and `` I had to ”... The car suddenly can not be a good habit s subject performs the verb Sixth Street was to be time! The meaning here is that the only reason he left early was to be on time stop... Medianet_Width = the infinitive verb is working as a direct object receives verb... Well as the subject of a sentence I think, it functions the! Entry word is Acting as the subject of the verb is working as a direct object of “ to ”! T play until we find a ball to throw ” in this to. + to + base form of the sentence behind our satisfaction or insatisfaction after a number of common main.! As an adjective is a grammar term that refers to a basic form! That I have found a new food. therefore, the infinitive “ ”... Of the sentence get a split infinitive like gerund, it functions as a direct )... We find a ball to throw referring to the present infinitive, which is the purpose of “ eat... To eat. ” suddenly can not be a good habit example 1 I really need to communicate with confidence to... Adjectives when they are used to give more information about what, where, how, and mum. The asphalt sing. cheat in the case of a subject or object in a.... Example 1 I really need to communicate with confidence good to do homework... Preceded by the word to, as in to speak infinitive meaning and examples to found! Do I need: use of such verbs like stop, try, mean forget.