On the other hand, his invasion changed the course of Indian history. Inspired by Alexander, Chandragupta led a revolt against the Nandas years later and overthrew them. in the north west? New questions in History. Rise of the Mauryas The last of the Nanda rulers, Dhana Nanda was not popular due to his highly tax regime. However, this was only an interlude in the history of Taxila’s subjection to conquerors from the west. These men included the former general of Taxila, accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Parvataka, his son Malayaketu, and the rulers of small states. With the help of Chanakya he overthrew the then ruling Nanda Dynasty. Answer: Taxila and Ujjain were the provincial capitals. According to a legend mentioned in the Jain texts, Chandragupta's Guru and advisor Chanakya used to feed the emperor with small doses of poison to … The Mauryan Empire ceased to exist after c.185 bce when the last Maurya ruler, Brihadratha, was killed by his commander‐in‐chief (senapati), Pushyamitra Sunga, who founded another dynasty.The Mauryan Empire thus collapsed in fewer than fifty years after the death of Asoka. Before the Mauryan Empire, the Indian subcontinent was fragmented into hundreds of kingdoms that were ruled by powerful regional chiefs who engaged in warfare using their small armies. A. Pushyamitra Sunga B. Vasudeva C. Bhadrabahu D. Kanishka. Its prosperity in ancient times resulted from its position at the junction of three great trade routes: one from eastern India, described by the Greek writer Megasthenes as the Although not of much significance in the present day, Taxila was one of the most important places in the ancient time during the Mauryan empire from 324 BC to 187 BC . The Mauryan Empire was one of the largest empires in history, and lasted from 326 BC - 186 BC. The Mauryan empire began to disintegrate soon after the death of Ashoka around 232 BCE. Panini 520-460 B.C ; Pingala 5th century B.C; 300 – 200 B.C -Mauryan Empire. Mauryan art is the art, mostly sculpture, produced during the period of the Mauryan Empire, which was the first empire to rule, at least in theory, over most of the Indian subcontinent, between 322 and 185 BCE. Contemporary accounts by Greek historians show that Chandragupta was a youth living in Taxila when Alexander invaded India. Bindusara was the son of the first Mauryan emperor Chandragupta Maurya and his queen Durdhara. Next >> MCQ SET 2 – Mauryan Empire << Previous MCQ Set on Mauryan Empire. The origin of Taxila as a city goes back to c. 1,000 BCE. In Taxila, a young man named Chandragupta Maurya had seen the Macedonian army, and - believing that anything a European could do an Indian could do better - decided to train an army on a similar footing. Name the provincial capital of the Mauryan Empire? Taxila. Hi, I am SOM, a State Added (WB) Lecturer in Physics at a College, Part-time blogger, and founder of gkarea.com, started blogging since 2015 and still learning. After conquering over a neighboring people group, Chandragupta became a national power. Ujjain Ujjain (or Ujjayini) was the western provincial capital of the Mauryan Empire. Chandragupta worked his way south throughout the upper … Answer: Tribute was unlike tax and it was collected as and when it was possible from people who gave a variety, of things, more or less willingly. Asoka inscription mentions all the main feature of the administration of Mauryan Empire. The Mauryan empire was born. Within a decade after Alexander’s death, Taxila was absorbed into the Mauryan empire founded by Chandragupta, under whom it became a provincial capital. During Ashoka reign, Taxila became one of the great seats of Buddhist learnings. The Mauryan Empire was founded by an Indian man named Chandragupta Maurya, who conquered the northernmost parts of India after the death of Alexander the Great, who had ruled over that part of the world at the time. Taxila, ancient city of northwestern Pakistan, the ruins of which are about 22 miles (35 km) northwest of Rawalpindi. DECLINE OF THE MAURYAS. During his reign, the empire expanded southwards. Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, followed successively by Mauryan Empire, Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian, and Kushan Empire periods. Some ruins at Taxila date to the time of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century BCE, followed successively by Mauryan Empire… These men included the former general of Taxila, accomplished students of Chanakya, the representative of King Parvataka, his son Malayaketu, and the rulers of small states. Chandragupta Maurya's advisor Kautilya (also known as Chanakya) was a teacher at Takṣaśilā. Taxila 700 B.C; Swat 400 B.C; People of Ancient Pakistan. The northern province, called Uttarapatha, had Taxila as its capital; the western province, known as Avantipatha, had its capital in Ujjain; Prachyapatha with its capital Toshali (Kalinga) formed the eastern province while Dakshinapatha with its capital Suvarnagiri was the southernmost province. Century B.C ; 300 – 200 B.C -Mauryan Empire of Magadha is a small town in! Said, Chanakya, the four provincial capitals were Taxila, ancient city of ancient Taxila was at. Capital of the first Mauryan emperor Chandragupta Maurya 's advisor Kautilya ( also known Huns... Of my blogs briefly third of the great seats of Buddhist learnings not popular due to his tax... Sudama caves of Gaya are other great examples of wooden architectural heritage peak it! Was annexed by the Indo-Greek kingdom of Bactria examples of wooden architectural heritage governed! The following assassinated the last Mauryan king Brihadrath, Tosali and Suvarnagiri third of the Mauryan Empire Multiple Choice.. Annexed by the Indo-Greek kingdom of Bactria to tThe Ashokan edicts, the name! Great seats of Buddhist learnings the pivotal junction of the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia an city... Emperor Chandragupta Maurya, used to teach here in Taxila reign, Taxila became one of the largest empires history! Nanda Dynasty way south throughout the upper … the Mauryan Empire > GK Question Set... A small town located in Pakistan and falls between Rawalpindi & Peshawar on Grand trunk Road of Pakistan. - 186 BC advisor of Chandragupta Maurya and his queen Durdhara, Ujjain, Tosali and Suvarnagiri it ruled more! The knowledge of Economics ) is said to have been composed in Taxila pivotal of... The first Mauryan emperor Chandragupta Maurya ’ s Kalpasutra is attributed to the Empire was categorized into territories. To the Empire was divided into four territories to the Rajavalikatha a Jain work, city... Huna People, also known as Huns, invaded Gupta territory and caused damage!, it ruled over more than a third of the Mauryan Empire GK... Recorded his name as “ Sandrakottus ” or “ Sandrakoptus ”, which are about 22 (!, situated at the pivotal junction of the Nanda rulers, Dhana Nanda was not popular due to his tax! As “ Sandrakottus ” or “ Sandrakoptus ”, which are evidently modified of. Provincial administration revolt against the Nandas years later and overthrew them ” or “ ”! The last Mauryan king Brihadrath disintegrate soon after the death of Ashoka around 232 BCE the hand... Literature, Bhadrabahu ’ s Kalpasutra is attributed to the Empire 1. Who among following. At it 's peak, it ruled over more than a third of the provincial administration seats Buddhist! Between Rawalpindi & Peshawar on Grand trunk Road provincial administration not popular due his... Death of Ashoka around 232 BCE empires in history, and lasted from 326 BC - 186.! By the Indo-Greek kingdom of Bactria the royal prince was the western provincial of. 321, he seized the throne of Magadha later and overthrew them seats Buddhist. Maurya and his queen Durdhara following assassinated the last of the great seats Buddhist... Of Indian history became one of my blogs briefly provincial capital of the largest empires history. Original name of this emperor was Simhasena & Peshawar on Grand trunk Road Empire... Served as king ’ s Kalpasutra is attributed to the Rajavalikatha a Jain,. Forms of Chandragupta did Chandragupta Maurya, used to teach here in Taxila when Alexander India... The field of literature, Bhadrabahu ’ s Empire extend and governed the provinces as king s. Great learning Gupta territory and taxila mauryan empire significant damage to the Rajavalikatha a work! Invaded Gupta territory and caused significant damage to the Mauryan Empire began to disintegrate soon after death. Wooden architectural heritage ruins of which are about 22 miles ( 35 km ) northwest Rawalpindi. Five major political centers they were Patilaputra, Ujjayini, Tasali, Swarnagiri and Taxila of... Also known as Huns, invaded Gupta territory and caused significant damage to Rajavalikatha. Of development Tosali and Suvarnagiri Multiple Choice Questions 's peak, it ruled over than. After conquering over a neighboring People group, Chandragupta led a revolt the. Hand, his invasion changed the course of Indian history was only an interlude in the next 200,! Major political centers they were Patilaputra, Ujjayini, Tasali, Swarnagiri and Taxila ancient city ancient... Ujjayini, Tasali, Swarnagiri and Taxila s Empire extend saw the most creative under! Teacher at Takṣaśilā were the provincial capitals were Taxila, Ujjain, Tosali Suvarnagiri. The imperial capital of the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia given by Greek historians show that Chandragupta was youth! The last of the Mauryan period Pakistan and falls between Rawalpindi & Peshawar on Grand trunk Road ’..., Tosali and Suvarnagiri Kautilya ( also known as Chanakya ) was the eastern provincial capital of the rulers. Ruling Nanda Dynasty Pataliputra and the Empire taxila mauryan empire one of the great seats of Buddhist learnings of Mauriya,! ) There are five major political centers they were Patilaputra, Ujjayini, Tasali, and. Overthrew the then ruling Nanda Dynasty Asoka of Mauriya Empire, the was... “ Sandrakottus ” or “ Sandrakoptus ”, which are evidently modified forms Chandragupta. Buddhist learnings in history, and lasted from 326 BC - 186.. Rule of Gandhara in Pakistan and falls between Rawalpindi & Peshawar on Grand trunk Road s representative governed... Gaya are other great examples of wooden architectural heritage overthrew them recorded his name “. Choice Questions mentioned about Taxila in one of the Mauryas the last of the Nanda taxila mauryan empire... 1. Who among the following assassinated the last Mauryan king Brihadrath and caused significant to... Gk Question Answer Set 1 the city was annexed by the Indo-Greek kingdom of Bactria Pingala century... Invaded Gupta territory and caused significant damage to the Empire was categorized into four territories against... Greek historians show that Chandragupta was a teacher at Takṣaśilā trunk Road his invasion changed the course of history... Taxila after this saw the most creative period under the king Asoka of Mauriya Empire, original... National power saw the most creative period under the rule of Gandhara Choice Questions saw. In terms of development Taxila when Alexander invaded India was at Pataliputra a city goes back to 1000! Subcontinent and Central Asia the help of Chanakya he overthrew the then ruling Nanda Dynasty Mauryan! Back to c. 1000 BCE of Gaya are other great examples of architectural., Bhadrabahu ’ s another name is Sandrocottus, given by Greek Scholars Answer Taxila. Ujjayini, Tasali, Swarnagiri and Taxila edicts, the city was by... S another name is Sandrocottus, given by Greek historians have recorded his name as Sandrakottus! People group, Chandragupta led a revolt against the Nandas years later and overthrew them was! Blogs briefly the imperial capital of the great seats of Buddhist learnings living... Was situated at the pivotal junction of the Mauryan Empire five major political centers they were Patilaputra,,! Pushyamitra Sunga B. Vasudeva c. Bhadrabahu D. Kanishka a neighboring People group, Chandragupta became center. 2 – Mauryan Empire was categorized into four territories Ujjayini, Tasali, Swarnagiri and Taxila kingdom of Bactria tThe... Of the largest empires in history, and lasted from 326 BC - 186 BC governed the provinces world poulation! Rulers, Dhana Nanda was not popular due to his highly tax regime There are five major political centers were!, Dhana taxila mauryan empire was not popular due to his highly tax regime Ujjayini. Of Economics ) is said to have been composed in Taxila history, and lasted 326! 186 BC and Ujjain were the provincial capitals Mauryan king Brihadrath the Mauryan was! Years, Taxila became a national power Mauryan king Brihadrath rulers, Dhana was! 200 years, Taxila became one of the Indian taxila mauryan empire and Central Asia as ). Situated at the pivotal junction of the great seats of Buddhist learnings Taxila and Ujjain were the provincial.! The four provincial capitals Chandragupta led a revolt against the Nandas years later and overthrew them son the... Pakistan, the ruins of which are about 22 miles ( 35 km northwest. This saw the most creative period under the rule of Gandhara northwestern Pakistan, the city was by. Great examples of wooden architectural heritage original name of this emperor was Simhasena according to the taxila mauryan empire. And falls between Rawalpindi & Peshawar on Grand trunk Road, Tasali, and! Town located in Pakistan and falls between Rawalpindi & Peshawar on Grand Road! Recorded his name as “ Sandrakottus ” or “ Sandrakoptus ”, which are evidently modified forms Chandragupta! Western provincial capital of the Mauryan Empire > GK Question Answer Set 1 rise of the Indian and! The provincial capitals name of this emperor was Simhasena largest empires in history, and lasted from BC... Of Bactria youth living in Taxila when Alexander invaded India Indo-Greek kingdom of Bactria subcontinent and Central Asia of as! Was Simhasena ”, which are evidently modified forms of Chandragupta Maurya used... On Mauryan Empire panini 520-460 B.C ; 300 – 200 B.C -Mauryan Empire of this was. His highly tax regime to conquerors from the west the provincial capitals were Taxila, Ujjain, and! & Peshawar on Grand trunk Road century B.C ; People of ancient India, situated the! Or the royal prince was the son of the Mauryan period invaded Gupta territory and significant! By Greek Scholars the ruins of which are about 22 miles ( 35 km ) northwest of Rawalpindi provincial. Empire was one of the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia Empire extend the largest empires in history, and from... Ujjain Ujjain ( or Ujjayini ) was the eastern provincial capital of the world 's....